Patrol: Tohono O’odham’s occupying army
the Americas, Tohono O’odham Nation,
XAVIER DISTRICT, TOHONO O’ODHAM NATION, Ariz. – Tohono O’odham Mike Wilson, who puts out water
for migrants dying of dehydration near the international border, said it is time to hold the Tohono O’odham Nation accountable.
“If we are a sovereign nation, why does the Border Patrol run rampant on
tribal lands?” said Wilson, who has ignored pressure form the tribal government to halt his effort and water stations.
“As far as I am concerned the United States Border Patrol is an occupying
army. If we were truly a sovereign nation, we would not have an occupying army on sovereign land.”
Wilson pointed out that the occupying army has
a military camp two miles north of the international border on O’odham tribal land in Arizona.
Speaking at the Border Summit of the Americas,
Sept. 29 – Oct. 1, Wilson described migrants dying of
thirst on tribal land, including a seven-year old girl with blood in her urine, who barely survived.
“We who were once oppressed, are ever increasingly becoming the oppressor,”
Wilson said he
does volunteer work with Humane Borders off tribal land, but his actions on tribal land are as an individual. The tribal government
has halted humanitarian groups from coming onto tribal land to render aid.
Wilson said that he asked former Tohono O’odham Chairman Edward Manuel
whether the Tohono O’Odham Legislative Council was ever consulted before the United States’ Operation Gatekeeper
or Operation Hold the Line were launched. Those two operations funneled migrants onto tribal land, where they often died in
Wilson said Chairman
Manuel confirmed that O’odham were never consulted.
“We were never consulted. When in 400 years have Native people ever been
consulted? Never and we never will be.”
Wilson said after
he began putting out water for migrants five years ago, he was told to cease by the Tohono O’odham Attorney General’s
Office and Superintendent of Public Safety.
Both threatened him with banishment as a tribal member and said, “Under
penalty of banishment you must cease and decease putting out water.”
However, when Wilson
asked Chairman Manuel, he responded, “You are O’odham, no one can banish you.”
Referring to the threat, Wilson
said, “Why is it that non-O’odham in positions of power feel they can threaten and intimidate O’odham people?
“They thought they had a dumb Indian on their hands.” After Wilson contacted the media, the non-Indian officials changed their story.
Then, they said they were just advising Wilson of his Constitutional
Wilson said he
began to put out water for migrants when they began to die in disproportionate numbers in 2001. There were 240 to 250 migrants
dying each year in the Sonoran Desert.
Of those 70 to 90 were dying on O’Odham lands.
“No one was doing anything to prevent migrant deaths, especially the Tohono
O’odham government,” he said.
“My battle is not with the Tohono O’odham people.”
Wilson said his
battle is with the Tohono O’odham Nation who is not taking any action to prevent migrants deaths.
said the dominant society does not hold the Tohono O’odham Nation accountable and instead responds, “What do you
expect, they are only Indians.”
Wilson said the
lack of accountability and silence does not honor him as a Native American. “This says, ‘Native American people,
you are incapable of being held at the same level of accountability as the rest of society. We will lower this moral bar.
“Why? ‘Well you’re Natives.’” Wilson said since the time when the first missionaries arrived here, that “Native peoples
were treated as not fully human, people without reason, without the intellectual and moral accountability to be held responsible.
“Let me be very, very clear, hopefully in what I’m trying to do.
No one deserves to die in the Arizona Sonora desert for want of a cup of water.”
Wilson said O’odham,
too, are migrants and most have moved about for work during their lives.
“As an O’odham, treat me as a human being; treat me as a citizen.
Praise me when I am worthy of praise, criticism me when I have it coming,” he said. “But too often the response
is, “Oooo, they are Indians, they have a monopoly on spiritually. No, we do not. All human life is sacred.
“The Creator created us all equal. Stop belittling us, stop insulting us
and treating us in mythical terms, and even more dangerous, in mystical terms. We are fully human, we have the good side and
we have the bad side.
“When it comes to people dying in the desert, we are all equal.”
in the film, “Crossing Arizona,” shown at the Border Summit, which includes his efforts. During the summit, he
shared more of one migrant man’s story documented in the film.
Wilson said he
told the man in the desert that if he goes north, he would be dead in a few hours. The man said he would rather die in the
desert than return to Mexico and watch
his wife, who needs surgery, and his children, starve to death.
Wilson said many of those dying in the desert
are Indigenous Peoples, from Chiapas, Guatemala,
Honduras and other countries in the south.
“Where is our moral outrage? We collectively in the social justice community
turn away and let our brothers and sisters die.”
Wilson said O’odham
have been hiding behind the white man’s guilt for the past 400 years, to keep from being held accountable.
“My fear is that we that we who were once oppressed, are now the oppressors.
We would rather let starving, desperate, hungry and destitute people die on O’odham lands, than extend a helping hand
and a cup of water, and what water is offered is destroyed.”
Wilson said his
water stations are being damaged and his water gallons slashed. He said it is likely tribal members destroying the water stations
of barrels and gallon jugs that he replenishes each week.
Wilson pointed out that O’odham born in
Mexico sought citizenship a few years
ago. But after Sept. 11, 2001, those efforts ceased. “Yet, Mexican citizens crossing through tribal lands could not
be offered a cup of water.”
urged people to find common ground, even with the Minutemen and Border Patrol individuals.
“As soon as we say they are racist, we say to ourselves, ‘but we
are not.’ We all have the capacity for good, and we all have the capacity for bad.”
“Try to put a human face on each person.”
Wilson said poverty
can make a person weak, or it can make a person strong. It made him strong. He picked cotton and labored on weekends, beginning
in sixth grade. He remembers what it is like to be hungry.
“I remember the crushing humiliation of going to school with a bologna
sandwich, and dropping my bag on the floor and a coachroach falling out.”
At the summit held in San Xavier
District, where he was born, Wilson
was praised by members of the International Indian Treaty Council and the American Indian Movement.
Those attending told him that he is one man who has made a difference and walked
Wilson, a former Presbyterian lay minister, left his church in Sells, Ariz., on tribal land, when they voted to forbide him to put out water
Now, Wilson remembers
at times the harassment by border agents, sometimes believing they are “Superman,” and belittling O’odham.
When one undercover detective asked him whose authority he was acting on, Wilson said, “The Man upstairs.”